Following the initialling of the Vilnius Agreement from 28-29 November 2013, the Republic of Moldova seemed to have entered the path towards the European integration. The great failure for the Brussels’ leaders was, by far, the Ukraine’s refuse to sign the Association Agreement, a decision placed on the account of Moscow’s influence and which proved once more the fact that the relations between the European Union and the Russian Federation have grown increasingly confrontational over the Eastern Partnership’s countries.
In the context of the unrests in Kiev at the beginning of 2014 and subsequently of the pro-Russian movements in the South and East of the Ukrainian state, the Republic of Moldova has acquired a special significance within the geopolitical situation of the region, being regarded as an outpost of what certain analysts already consider to be the “New Cold War”.
At the beginning of 2014, an article signed by a freelance writer in Chişinău surprised the reality from this small state at the border of the European Union – “lost in geopolitical games”
- Less visible at the end of 2013, when the Ukrainian crisis had arisen, the strategic importance of the Republic of Moldova rapidly increased in the context of the Russian annexation of Crimea and the aggressive anti-Ukrainian attitude manifested by Moscow.
- A number of articles and analysis regarding the special position of the small former Soviet republic have already been issued and the situation seems to get even worse as the Russian Federation is not willing to step back in order to give up its influence within the territories that it once mastered.
- Under these circumstances the Transnistrian file acquired a new page as the leaders of the so-called Transnistrian Republic have already solicited the inclusion in Russia. The Crimean episode became the precedent they needed to invoke and the narrow strip of land became “the frontline in East-West struggle” as depicted in an article published in “Financial Times”.
Filip Government 100 days report: PM asks for patience and constructive collaboration
On April 29th, the Prime-Minister of Moldova, Pavel Filip, presented the progress report after 100 days from the appointing of the Government.
Filip stated that, during 100 days, the Government approved 545 decisions, out of which 83 are law drafts. 77 of them are part of the implementation plan of the Association Agreement Moldova-European Union.
The official emphasized that “one cannot make miracles in 100 days”, but “can do a series of key things”. PM Filip also pointed out that the current Government doesn’t ask for confidence in advance from the external partners (EU, USA, IMF- Moldova.ORG), but for “patience and constructive collaboration”.
The 100 days of the Filip Government were marked by several proposals and draft laws, delayed of course:
+the integrity reform;
+the reform of the General Prosecution Office;
+the moratorium on state controls for three months;
-the Big Brother law proposal;
-the unapproved budget plan for 2016;
-the decision of the Ministry of Finances to recover the costs of the one-billion theft from three banks with the taxpayers’ money;
-the bad indexation of the pensions in April, lacking some 36 000 pensioners.
The current reforms approved by the Democrat-ruled Government are reportedly the same draft laws that Democrats kept rejecting during the last 6 years of the pro-European majority.
The Filip Government was voted by 57 members of the Parliament, majority formed out of Democrats, Liberals, former Communists and a group of Liberal-Democrats, on January 20th. The voting session didn’t include the Q&A part and lasted for around 32 minutes.
The decision outraged the protest movement outside the Parliament, who tried to get in the building. The newly appointed Ministers along with the deputies secretly left protected by lines of policemen. The Government was sworn in that evening before the President Nicolae Timofti.