No Reforms – No Money for Ukraine

in Conflicts 2017 · Economics 2017 · EN · Europe 2017 · Finance 2017 · Germany 2017 · Industry 2017 · Nation 2017 · NATO 2017 · Politics 2017 · Skepticism 2017 292 views / 6 comments
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In the first days of December, it became clear that Ukraine has failed to receive the third and final tranche of the MFA III. Initially, the MFA III at EUR 1.8 bn was agreed in 2015 under a number of conditionalities that envisaged 22 measures in the areas of energy, public financial management, anticorruption policy, etc. The previous progress in reforms allowed Ukraine to receive the first and second tranches of the MFA (in 2015 and in 2017).

Overall, the macro-financial assistance (MFA) of the EU is a budget support to Ukraine, which is provided under certain conditionalities. Ukraine fulfilled a large share of policy commitments taken by Ukrainian authorities within the MFA III. It established essential anti-corruption institutions: the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine, the National Agency for Prevention of Corruption, and the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office as well as launched e-declarations of public officials.Big progress in energy reforms was also achieved. Ukraine also improved public finance management and launched the public administration reform.

However, four of the conditionalities envisaged in the Memorandum on the MFA III were not fulfilled:

  1. The automatic verification of e-declarations of income and assets of public officials was not launched. As a result,the launched system of e-declarations did not become the instrument in fighting corruption. In the framework of this system, thousands of declarations were collected, but only a few were reviewed. The automatic reviews were required not only in the MFA conditionalities, but also in the IMF Program.
  2. Ukraine failed to end a moratorium on timber exports, which was previously introduced to protect domestic woodwork manufacturers. However, this ban does not comply with Ukraine’s commitments taken in the Association Agreement with the EU and the membership in the WTO.
  3. The Draft law on the Credit register was not approved. The Parliament again failed to approve the law on December 7.

4.  Ukraine also failed to launch an electronic system that identifies and verifies the beneficiary owners of the companies.

Recent attempts of Ukrainian authorities to limit the powers of anti-corruption institutions again put under the question the possibility of negotiating another MFA in the nearest future. The EU is unlikely to approve MFA IV if Ukraine does not fulfill aforementioned four measures as prior actions. Therefore, the Government and the Parliament should increase their efforts in fighting corruption and fulfilling other commitments to ensure support of international donors to Ukraine in the future. This support is essential for the future sustainability of the country taking into account large FX debt payments in 2018 and 2019.

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  1. This is the second largest faction in the Ukrainian parliament and it is headed by Arseniy Yatsenyuk, the former Prime Minister of Ukraine.

  2. The case is very interesting because it indicates that, yes, Ukraine is a very corrupt country – millions and probably billions are being embezzled from the state – but then, this money is being laundered through Western Europe, and using a range of shell companies, intermediaries, and western lawyers.

  3. With the weakening of the central authorities and the deprivation of of these authorities of opportunities to help regions (simply due to the lack of financial resources), regional elites are beginning to demand greater autonomy for themselves, large rights in solving issues. In this sense, it is quite natural to hear proposals not to appoint governors from Kiev, but to choose such locals who people in the region feel able to realize their interests. I think that this process will continue,’

  4. In Europe, a civil war takes place. A war supported by EU by means of money used by Ukraine not for the targeted aim but for acquiring anything to continue the war. The war in Donbass has to be stopped. This aim can only be achieved if Ukraine runs out the money for new war technics and military supplies.

  5. Over the past three months, the conflict has ebbed and flowed between negotiations and violence. In recent days, both the demonstrators and Yanukovych have become more aggressive, killing both protesters and police. More nationalist elements have joined the demonstrations, provoking more violence. All sides are digging in, and serious negotiations appear well out of reach.

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