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against “Unification Plot”

Victims of ‘raider attacks’ instigated by Plahotniuc-1

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 155 views / 5 comments

GEOMETR.IT  eureporter.co

Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe, unemployment is high, and the country is heavily dependent upon remittances from thousands of Moldovans working abroad. A large part of the Moldovan population is Romanian-speaking, although there are also Russian and Ukrainian minorities.

  • The communists were the ruling party in the former Soviet state from 1998 until 2009. Since 2009 Moldova became more pro-western. Moldova currently aspires to join the European Union, and has implemented the first three-year Action Plan within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), and has signed a far-reaching Association Agreement with the EU in 2014.
  • The parliamentary elections in 2014 lasted nearly two months and resulted in the formation of a minority coalition composed of two groupings: the Liberal-Democratic Party (PLDM) and the Democratic Party (PDM).
  • Contrary to their initial announcements, PDLM and PDM did not admit the Liberal Party led by Mihai Ghimpu to power. Moreover, they blocked the nomination for prime minister of the incumbent, Iurie Leancă.
  • This ensured that the political model present in Moldova since 2009 has been preserved, in which the state’s institutions have been subordinated to two main oligarch politicians: Vlad Filat (the leader of PLDM) and Vlad Plahotniuc (a billionaire who de facto controls the PDM).

EU Reporter decided to investigate the present Moldova situation and the country’s chances for EU accession – in doing so, we turned to Viorel Topa and Victor Topa (no relation), two Moldovan businessmen. In speaking exclusively to EU Reporter, Viorel said that being in Moldova has become untenable and further claims that the pair were the victims of ‘corporate raider attacks’ instigated by Plahotniuc, which resulted in the expropriation of their assets.

The Topas allege that they were charged with criminal offences and convicted, prosecutions and convictions that Viorel Topa, speaking exclusively to EU Reporter says “were clearly politically driven as evidenced by the manner in which they were obtained; a manner that would not be upheld or recognized by any system which follows the principles of natural justice”.

In speaking out against the raider attacks, the Topas alleged that they involved “significant abuses of the Moldovan court system”. The Topas’s assets have not been returned and nor have their criminal convictions been overturned – according to Viorel, the persecution of Victor and Viorel and their associates, Vladimir Morari and Razvan Paveliu, has continued.

Speaking to EU Reporter, Viorel was by turns calm and placatory, impassioned and angry.

“We are basically refugees,” he said first. “If we had not left Moldova five years ago, we would be in jail and probably not alive today.

“And there are many more people like us. It is a fact that the state agencies, including the public prosecutor’s office and judiciary, identify assets then attack you via stealth and initiating false court proceedings. We just woke up one day to find that our assets had been transferred to unknown people – this was followed by us being told that if we kept our mouths shut, then it’s OK, probably, if not, you would face penalties. If you then continued, you would be put in prison, and that is the story.

“It is difficult to explain a raider attack to western society – it requires all the state and law enforcement institutions to act in complicity with the perpetrator and the final beneficiary of everything that is taken. For this, you need political influence, dominant political influence, because you have to appoint judges and the Prosecutor General. And this is how Plahotniuc has  become the richest man in Moldova in just a few years, without investing a cent.”

Plahotniuc’s rise to the top of Moldovan business was certainly impressive –

  • during 1991-1993 he held the position of specialist at the ‘Minor’ Center for prevention and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders, affiliated with the Chişinău City Hall. He then held the position of economist at Euro EstHundel Ltd Moldova, then he worked at Voyage Ltd Moldova.
  • In 1995-1998 he founded Angels Moldovan-American Financial Group, which he managed until 2001.
  • From 2001 to 2010 he held the position of commercial manager and afterwards he was the general manager of Petrom Moldova JSC, dealing with oil import and distribution.
  • In 2005, he was appointed as the vice chairman of the Board at Victoriabank commercial bank, one of the leading banks of Moldova and in 2006 he became its chairman, a position held until January 2011.
  • Since then, he has seemingly single-handedly run the political world of Moldova.

So, how notorious do you believe Plahotniuc is from a worldwide perspective? How much is known about the extent of his alleged corruption?

“Corruption is just a general word – it is not just corruption that we are talking about here. When you hijack the state institutions, it is not just corruption. When you capture the state, it is not just corruption. When we say corruption, we usually have in mind bribes for certain facilities, something like this. We are talking about hijacking the state. How well is this known? It is well known to the EU, to the EU Delegation to Moldova.”

https://www.eureporter.co

GEOMETR.IT

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Какова все-таки была жизнь до революции?

Почему Исландия должна выиграть Чемпионат?Португалия-Исландия: 1-1. ЧЕ.14.06.2016

NATO summit. Alliance renews its marriage vows-1

Латвия — европейский пустоцвет, низкий туман

Moldova’s Most Hated Politician

In или Out? Уйти по-английски, но хлопнув дверью.

Plahotniuc. Moldova`s Captain America.

Россия и Молдавия.Что имеем не храним, потерявши — плачем.

Moldova’s self-serving elite

Moldova. Who run the state? Oligarchs! -1

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 110 views / 4 comments

GEOMETR.IT  osw.waw.pl

There have been several significant changes on Moldova’s domestic political scene in the wake of the November 2014 parliamentary elections there. Negotiations lasted nearly two months and resulted in the formation of a minority coalition composed of two groupings: the Liberal-Democratic Party (PLDM) and the Democratic Party (PDM).

New coalition received unofficial support from the Communist Party (PCRM), which had previously been considered an opposition party. Contrary to their initial announcements, PDLM and PDM did not admit the Liberal Party led by Mihai Ghimpu to power. Moreover, they blocked the nomination for prime minister of the incumbent, Iurie Leancă.

Leancă has been perceived by many as an honest politician and a guarantor of reforms. This situation resulted in the political model present in Moldova since 2009 being preserved. In this model the state’s institutions are subordinated to two main oligarch politicians: Vlad Filat (the leader of PLDM) and Vlad Plahotniuc (a billionaire who de facto controls PDM).

  • With control over the state in the hands of Filat and Plahotniuc questions are raised regarding the prospects of Moldova’s real modernisation.
  • It will also have a negative impact on the process of implementation of Moldova’s Association Agreement with the EU and on other key reforms concerning, for example, the judiciary, the financial sector and the process of de-politicisation of the state’s institutions.
  • From both leaders’ perspective, any changes to the current state of affairs would be tantamount to limiting their influence in politics and the economy, which would in turn challenge their business activities.

Despite its instability, the political system which has evolved in Moldova in recent years will be extremely difficult to change. Filat and Plahotniuc, who are competitors both politically and in business, have regularly clashed and this is having a negative impact on the government’s stability and on the entire political scene. Still, both leaders are mainly focused on retaining power. This forces them to devise a modus vivendi within one ruling coalition which practically is tantamount to preserving the current system. 

A Moldovan-style oligarchy

A process of subordinating state institutions to the leaders of the parties making up the government coalition began in Moldova upon the Alliance for European Integration assuming power in 2009.

In line with an undisclosed protocol which made up a part of the coalition agreement of 8 August 2009, a ‘party formula’ was established to be used when nominating candidates to major public offices. This formula covered not only the office of the prime minister, the speaker of the parliament and individual ministers, but also those posts which should never be staffed by party-nominated candidates. These include the posts of general prosecutor, the head of the central tax office, the governor of the National Bank of Moldova and the head of the Central Electoral Committee.

A strict division of the areas of influence within state institutions serves the interest of the leaders of the two major coalition parties – Vlad Filat, the leader of PLDM, and Vlad Plahotniuc. Both Filat and Plahotniuc are billionaires who developed their fortunes back in the 1990s, often in dubious circumstances.

From their perspective, control over key state institutions is mainly a method of securing their business dealings and of creating the best possible development conditions for their enterprises.

On the other hand, this control brings them financial benefits, made possible due to their influence over state-owned companies (banks in particular), due to their participation in public tenders and privatisation processes, and to their access to loans and subsidies granted by foreign entities.

Furthermore, they have also used their control over state institutions to maintain their position in power circles. This was clearly visible in the course of parliamentary elections organised in November 2014. By exerting influence on the Central Electoral Committee and the judiciary, the ruling parties managed for example to eliminate one of the main political competitors, the Patria party led by Renato Usati, from the electoral race just three days prior to polling day.

One example of how control of state institutions can be a source of significant financial profits for the leaders of PLDM and PDM is seen in the illegal transfer of over 1 billion euros from three Moldovan banks: Banca de Economii, Banca Sociala and Unibank. Recently, these banks granted multi-million loans to companies associated with Ilan Shor (a Moldovan-Russian businessman), Vlad Filat, and probably also Vlad Plahotniuc.

  • A large portion of these loans was considered ‘unpayable’ from the very beginning. As a consequence, since it was impossible to collect the debt, the banks involved in this illegal practice began to rapidly lose financial liquidity.
  • To rescue them, in November and December 2014 the National Bank of Moldova (NBM) introduced state supervision of the three banks and decided to launch bail-out programmes amounting to hundreds of millions of euros shifted across from currency reserves.
  • This practice would have not been possible without the involvement of the coalition leaders. The NBM, whose task is to supervise financial transfers in the country’s banking sector, must have been aware of the operations of dubious profitability being carried out by these three banks. The reason behind the lack of action to stop this practice and maintain financial liquidity was most probably political. It seems to have been a result of political pressure exerted by Filat and maybe also by Plahotniuc.

This type of oligarchic system is very unstable; this was evident during the final five years of the pro-European coalition’s rule. This instability is based on a paradox. On the one hand, the two main coalition leaders, Filat and Plahotniuc, are one another’s business and political rivals involved in a permanent contest to expand their influence within the current system and to diminish that of their rival.

On the other hand, though, they are interested in maintaining power and preserving the current system. This has forced them to devise a certain modus vivendi to be able to function within one government coalition. Moreover, they do not intend to admit other parties and anti-government politicians to power, since these could make attempts to change the current oligarchic system. For this reason, both Filat and Plahotniuc preferred to build an informal coalition with the Communists (who are interested in preserving the system in order to be present in it) rather than invite liberals or Leancă to power.

http://www.osw.waw.pl

GEOMETR.IT

* * *

Какова все-таки была жизнь до революции?

Почему Исландия должна выиграть Чемпионат?Португалия-Исландия: 1-1. ЧЕ.14.06.2016

NATO summit. Alliance renews its marriage vows-1

Латвия — европейский пустоцвет, низкий туман

Moldova’s Most Hated Politician

In или Out? Уйти по-английски, но хлопнув дверью.

Plahotniuc. Moldova`s Captain America.

Россия и Молдавия.Что имеем не храним, потерявши — плачем.

Moldova’s self-serving elite

Pro-Western is ultimately unpopular

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 92 views / 3 comments

GEOMETR.IT   attwiw.com

Sorry for the light posting today. I realized that I’m very backed up on paid projects and was able to clear one of those and part of another. While we’re on the subject, posting may be light for the rest of the week while I try to get back on top of things.

Also, I had a snowball fight with my daughter. Priorities.

  • Anyway, there’s some interesting news out of Moldova that might be worth some attention. Thousands of people have been protesting in the Moldovan capital, Chisinau, for a couple of days now, over the appointment of a man named Pavel Filip as the country’s new prime minister.
  • The country has been without a prime minister since the last one lost a vote of no confidence back in October, so you’d think people would be happy to have somebody running the place again. But apparently not.
  •  Filip is apparently the front man for Vladimir Plahotniuc, a billionaire whom The Daily Beast‘s Ana Nemtsova calls “Moldova’s Donald Trump.” She may be on to something:

Plahotniuc owns four national television and three radio stations, private security forces, luxurious hotels. Nobody knows exactly how much he is worth. Meanwhile, he leads the Moldovan Democratic Party, although his official status is vice chair. He likes to be able to change his frontmen.

Like Trump or Berlusconi, Plahotniuc seems to have no sense of limits, or decency. One of the country’s leading television journalists (the Megyn Kelly of Moldova, one might stay) got a call warning her he was about to release a sex tape of her and her lover, filmed inside her apartment.

1SD

Yeesh.

vlad_plahotniuc

I’ll say this for the guy; he’s got better hair than Trump

Unlike America’s Donald Trump, who happens to be the actual Donald Trump, it doesn’t seem like you can find too many Moldovans who actually like Plahotniuc. He’s so omnipresent on the Moldovan political scene that he’s taken the brunt of public anger over the country’s staggering level of corruption–anger that reached the boiling point when $1 billion, equal to about 12% of Moldova’s GDP, was stolen from the country’s three largest banks last year.

Vladimir Filat, who was Moldovan PM from 2009-2013, was arrested in October on charges that he’d helped grease the skids for that theft while in office. Filip’s installation as PM was done in a notably shady manner, with a vote held in the middle of the night, with no media present, and with little or no debate beforehand. When reports surfaced that Plahotnuic was bribing opposition legislators to vote to install a new government led by Filip, people got angry all over again.

On the other hand, the United States and the European Union are quite happy with Plahotnuic, because he says all the right things when it comes to Moldova’s relations with the West versus its relations with Russia.

Victoria Nuland, the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs who finds herself in the middle of far too many of these kinds of situations, praised the new government as a “pro-European government.”

And Moldova is a potential Russian fault line; its breakaway, ethnically Russian Transnistria region, along its Ukrainian border, is controlled by pro-Russian forces and might be the target the next time Vladimir Putin gets the itch to do a little annexing. Heck, it wouldn’t be all that surprising to find that the Kremlin is nudging these protests along a little bit.

But the thing is, Plahotnuic and the corrupt system he represents are so unpopular in Moldova at the moment that the whole notion of being “pro-European” (and, by extension, pro-American) is discredited by association. Moldovan support for pro-Russian parties has been growing as part of the public backlash to Plahotnuic.

It would serve American and European interests–to say nothing of the interests of the Moldovan people themselves, assuming we care about them–far, far better for Washington and Brussels to support good governance in Chisinau (and you can feel free to substitute “Kiev” there if you want, or “Tbilisi” while we’re at it), regardless of whether this or that particular government is pro-Russia or pro-West or whatever.

Backing dependably pro-Western, but also corrupt and ultimately unpopular, oligarchs never pays off in the long run.

https://attwiw.com

GEOMETR.IT

* * *

Какова все-таки была жизнь до революции?

Почему Исландия должна выиграть Чемпионат?Португалия-Исландия: 1-1. ЧЕ.14.06.2016

NATO summit. Alliance renews its marriage vows-1

Латвия — европейский пустоцвет, низкий туман

Moldova’s Most Hated Politician

In или Out? Уйти по-английски, но хлопнув дверью.

Plahotniuc. Moldova`s Captain America.

Россия и Молдавия.Что имеем не храним, потерявши — плачем.

Moldova’s self-serving elite

 

Moldova’s Most Hated Politician

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 133 views / 5 comments

GEOMETR.IT kingofromania.com

* Nuland Endorses Moldova’s Most Hated Politician. Vlad Plahotniuc, an oligarch-hegemon, American political elite circles with impetus.  Assurances of Washington’s support for Moldova’s government from Victoria Nuland.

Plahotniuc’s visit to the US has a special significance. The oligarch represented Moldova during official high level talks, despite the fact that he does not hold any official function. Although officially it was the deputy prime minister and the minister of economy, Octavian Calmic, who headed the delegation, the media was unanimous that it ,

1111

Hmm…. this all sounds very familiar. First, the staid New York Times piece:

These days, however, it is a different photograph that is rallying support for Moscow’s allies in Europe’s Poorest Country™. It shows a United States assistant secretary of state, Victoria J. Nuland, standing shoulder-to-shoulder in Washington with Vlad Plahotniuc, Moldova’s most-feared figure, a nominally pro-Western tycoon with a reputation so toxic that even his political friends usually try to keep their distance in public..

  • That the United States would have dealings with such an unpopular figure has dismayed many Moldovans, particularly those who share Washington’s desire to steer the country out of Russia’s orbit and toward the West.
  • Washington, and by extension Nuland and her fellow True Believers in a New American Century, are certainly anti-Russian. But this goes far beyond “steering” Moldova towards the west. Their end game is to militarily control Moldova via NATO.

To find out what really happened in Washington with Nuland and Plathotniuc, you’ve got to read articles like this one:

  • Vlad Plahotniuc, an oligarch-hegemon, has entered American political elite circles with impetus during a May event organised by the Atlantic Council, a think-tank closely connected with the Department of State.
  • During his visit to the US, Plahotniuc received assurances of Washington’s support for Moldova’s government from Victoria Nuland, the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs. He also met with the Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund, Menno Snel.
  • Plahotniuc’s visit to the US has a special significance. The oligarch represented Moldova during official high level talks, despite the fact that he does not hold any official function.
  • Although officially it was the deputy prime minister and the minister of economy, Octavian Calmic, who headed the delegation, the media was unanimous that it was Plahotniuc who ruled the roost: it was him, who reported on the meetings with Nuland and Snel, who conducted the talks and who was present during all the photo ops..

The rank of the visit was unclear and so was the role of the oligarch. As it eventually turned out, Plahotniuc’s function was that of an “executive coordinator” for the ruling coalition’s council. Needless to say, the general public in Moldova was aware neither of the existence of the council nor of such a function.

Through Nuland, Washington has again reassured the ruling camp in Moldova of its support, thereby legitimising the existence of an alternative power centre without a democratic mandate or constitutional responsibility.

So let’s recap here, shall we?

Nuland went “above and beyond” her standard duty as #2 at the State Department (Foreign Ministry) in January by immediately backing Pavel “Mr. Midnight” Filip’s government, despite widespread popular discontent in Moldova. Filip, of course, is one of Plathoniuc’s best friends and was only chosen after the Moldovan president refused to accept the nomination of Plahotniuc for prime minister.

Now, despite the fact that he has no official position, he’s leading a delegation to Washington to “receive assurances” from the IMF and Nuland during a meeting of the Atlantic Council.

In case that name doesn’t ring a bell, let’s review a little timeline:

  • February 7, 2014: A leaked audio file on YouTube reveals that US Ambassador to Ukraine Geoff Pyatt and Victoria Nuland have agreed that the EU sucks and that Arseniy “Yats” Yatsenyuk was the best man for the job to lead Ukraine.
  • February 21, 2014: Ukrainian president Yanukovych signs agreement with opposition, including “Yats” and two other Ukrainian leaders.
  • February 24, 2014: Yatsenyuk becomes “acting” Prime Minister of Ukraine, later full PM of Ukraine.
  • March 14, 2014: Yatsenyuk flies to Washington to meet with the Atlantic Council.

PRIME MIN. YATSENYUK: So let me put it this way. On the conflict that emerged in 2008 in Georgia, these are the implications of Bucharest summit (holding ?) NATO. MAP. If you don’t have MAP, you have something else, like military aggression. And this is the dramatic lesson for all of us.

The acronym MAP means NATO “Members and Partners”, more commonly referred to by the Orwellian title Partnership for Peace, sort of a “junior” version of NATO. In 2008, NATO held a summit in Bucharest and declined to include Ukraine as a member. So Yats is equating Ukraine’s non-membership in NATO in 2008 for what happened in 2014.

August 29, 2014: “Yats” encourages Ukrainian parliament to take steps to become full member of NATO. Multiple joint exercises are held in 2015 and 2016 and NATO gives Ukraine several million dollars in equipment and training.

Meanwhile, over in Moldova:

  • May 3, 2016: Plathotniuc is guest of honor at the Atlantic Council for the Distinguished Leadership Awards where he meets with Lord Robertson, former Secretary General of NATO.
  • May 4, 2016: Plathotniuc publishes selfie with Nuland and brags about how the United States supports him and the parliament that he controls.
  • May 8, 2016: NATO tanks, artillery and soldiers hold a show of force parade on the streets of Chisinau despite widespread protests.

Fun times…

https://kingofromania.com

GEOMETR.IT

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Чи потрібний Донбас Україні?

В Тирасполе говорят: «Здаёться мине, что у нас горит сажа»

Как святитель Лука чуть не отказался от церковного служения

The systematic looting of Moldova. By whom ?

Позорное начало чемпионата. Англия-Россия:1-1. ЧЕ.11.06.2016

Media lynching a la Plahotniuc

Почему Англия и УЕФА наехали на Россию.Англия-Россия: 1-1.ЧЕ. 11.06.2016

Plahotniuc is on duty today

Сорос о забавах доллара и цельнотянутых конкурентах

Plahotniuc. Moldova`s Captain America.

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 161 views / 5 comments

GEOMETR.IT  katehon.com

The visit of Vladimir Plahotniuc (the infamous Moldavian oligarch and mafia boss – Katehon) to the US and the fuss over the use of military equipment for the May 9 parade in the center of Chisinau, which is meant to irritate the Russian side, do not appear to be coincidences.

Victoria Nuland’s appearance alongside the controversial oligarch serves as a message from the world’s hegemon:

  • Plahotniuc is and will be your master. It doesn’t matter what I think or what Moldovan citizens want as long as the White House is more concerned with its military games in Eastern Europe.
  • But what does Plahotniuc want?
  • We can assume that this figure of Moldovan politics is to become no more nor less than the president of Moldova.
  •  We must not hide behind finger-pointing and we should not be naive: the validity of any election depends on Washington’s recognition, even if the election is a big hoax.

The Central Electoral Commission is ready to arrange for 99% of votes to be in favor of the DP (Plahotniuc’s “Democratic Party”) candidate, and the opposition will be unable to challenge the results since the West will recognize the “profoundly democratic character” of the election. In this case, there will be no Euromaidan in Chisinau and Victoria Nuland won’t have to distribute biscuits and urge everyone to “fight to the last drop of blood.”

How can Americans tolerate such anti-democratic meddling? It’s quite simple. The Americans have a very pragmatic and realistic nature. Such a policy of double standards can be traced back to its use in Latin America or Africa where the US supported dictatorships and criminals. It is enough to remember Anastasio Samozo Garcia, the dictator of Nicaragua, about whom Franklin D. Roosevelt once said: “Somoza may be a son of a bitch, but he’s our son of a bitch.”

Now, the American government has no choice but to indoctrinate the population with the idea that the “Russian danger” is alive and well and that Russia represents a major problem. I would not even exclude the deliberate organization of problems by the Americans in order to “demonstrate” this line.

During the previous election campaign in Moldova, I saw what the current regime is truly capable of: overnight, terrorists and an “outbreak of civil war” were invented out of thin air.

One can only hope that those in power will have enough sense not to resort to bloodshed for show. The rest of the cosmetic job related to PR will be taken care of with substantial financial resources (such as pasta, buckwheat, and socks) and brainwashing by the largest media holdings.

2ЫВ

P.S. I keep my fingers crossed for Donald Trump. With him, perhaps we will succeed in getting rid of America’s infamous foreign policy.

http://katehon.com

GEOMETR.IT

* * *

Чи потрібний Донбас Україні?

В Тирасполе говорят: «Здаёться мине, что у нас горит сажа»

Как святитель Лука чуть не отказался от церковного служения

The systematic looting of Moldova. By whom ?

Позорное начало чемпионата. Англия-Россия:1-1. ЧЕ.11.06.2016

Media lynching a la Plahotniuc

Почему Англия и УЕФА наехали на Россию.Англия-Россия: 1-1.ЧЕ. 11.06.2016

Plahotniuc is on duty today

Сорос о забавах доллара и цельнотянутых конкурентах

Moldova’s self-serving elite

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 200 views / 5 comments

GEOMETR.IT globalbusinessoutlook.com

As anti-government demonstrations continued in Chisinau, EU foreign ministers reaffirmed their support for Moldova’s political association and economic integration with the EU in the Council conclusions of 15 February 2016. The ministers also confirmed that all 28 EU member states have ratified the Association Agreement between Moldova and the EU. Despite this progress, Moldova’s European integration project is in tatters. According to an authoritative survey commissioned by the National Democratic Institute in November 2015, only 40% Moldovans support European integration; 44% are in favour of Eurasian integration, however.  As Russia steps up the pressure on Moldova, these trends are worrying for the EU.

At first sight, it is puzzling that Moldova should lose the support of its population for integration with Europe. The country has received considerable financial support and political backing from the EU, and is governed by an elite that proclaims itself to be pro-European. An analysis of domestic and external factors might shed some light on this question.

Moldova’s self-serving elite

Moldova’s elite has consistently lacked the will to reform a political system that primarily serves its own interests, yet the EU has turned a blind eye to the abuses of successive governments for years.

  • Ever since 2001 when the Communist party returned to power, Moldova’s political system has been dominated by strongmen who utilise the country’s resources for personal gain.
  • The coming to power of the Alliance for European Integration, after a re-run of the 2009 parliamentary elections, raised hopes that the new Moldovan government would finally reform.
  • For years following the elections, the Alliance for European Integration, composed of the Liberal Democratic Party, the Liberal Party, the Democratic Party and Our Moldova Alliance (absorbed by Liberal Democratic Party in 2011) was successful in its declared pro-European orientation.
  • Yet corruption and oligarchic interest have continued to define Moldova’s body politic. When attempting to analyse Moldovan politics the names of personalities such as Vladimir Plahotniuc, Vlad Filat, Vladimir Voronin, Igor Dodon or Renato Usatii are often bandied about, but more as names, not for the policies they stand for.

Weak state institutions and public administration, an ineffective judiciary and law-enforcement agencies all form the breeding ground for capture by oligarchs who have infiltrated Moldovan politics. Instead of fighting corruption, as true statesmen should, Moldovan strongmen have fought each other and exacerbated the chronic instability in the country.

Not only were ministers’ portfolios divided between coalition members, but whole ministries and their revenues were carved up too. Frequent clashes for control of state institutions and revenues between the main oligarchs have been a feature of successive Moldovan governments. Two oligarchs in particular have been settling scores.

The Democratic Party leader Plahotniuc had the upper hand over the Liberal Democratic Party leader and former Prime Minister Filat in a longstanding battle. Filat has now been detained and investigated for corruption.

Cosmetic reforms have been carried out to create the illusion that the country is making progress, primarily to secure aid from donors, but in a climate of increasing instability Moldova’s parliament has had to approve three prime ministers in under a year. The forthcoming presidential elections are likely to plunge the country into crisis yet again.

Russian opposition

The opposition of Russia to Moldova’s European integration has made the project far more challenging. The Kremlin has supported those Moldovan factions that oppose European integration, and aided traditional parties with ties to Russia, such as the Communist party. Moscow also extended its support to new political actors such as the Party of Socialists, whose leader, Igor Dodon, met President Putin before the 2014 parliamentary elections in Moldova.

Russia has utilised links with the Gagauzia regions to put political pressure on Moldova’s leaders to abandon the Association Agreement and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement with the EU. In particular, the Kremlin exploited divisions within Moldova through supporting a non-binding referendum in the autonomous region of Gagauzia on a Eurasian Customs Union (now Eurasian Economic Union) in 2014. Russia managed to secure 98% of the votes in favour of the region joining the Eurasian Customs Union.

  • In response to the signing and implementation of the EU-Moldova Association Agreement, Russia sought to inflict economic damage on Moldova by introducing sanctions.
  • Russia cancelled the tariff-free preferences for 19 categories of products under the 2011 Russia-Moldova Commonwealth of Independent States (CSI) Free Trade Agreement. By introducing import duties and import bans on Moldovan products (namely in the agricultural and food sector) with a high export volume to Russia and high employment, the Kremlin exploited the vulnerabilities in Moldova’s economy.
  •  The EU countered Russia’s action by adopting decisions to grant greater market access for Moldovan exporters to the EU. In the short term, however, this did not compensate for the harm caused by Russia’s sanctions, mainly because of the limited competitiveness of Moldovan products and the existence of non-tariff barriers.

Conversely, the economic downturn in Transnistria  forced that region to negotiate a partial application of the DCFTA because autonomous measures were due to be phased out at the end of 2015.

The sorry tale of EU involvement

Since 2009, when the Alliance for European Integration came to power, the EU’s reaction to the misdeeds of successive Moldovan governments has been lamentable. The EU refrained from criticising Moldova’s elite but chose instead to throw money at the country’s problems. During 2007-2013 the EU allocated more than €482million to Moldova from its European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) alone.

In fact, Moldova received the highest support per capita in the Eastern neighbourhood. This support was intended to strengthen democratic development; good governance and rule of law; poverty reduction; and trade and sustainable development.

For the period 2004-2020 EU support may amount to as much as €746million. Beyond the neighbourhood instrument, the EU and its member states were decisive in securing €1.9 billion worth of grants and loans at the donors conference in 2010.

  • Besides financial aid Moldova’s elite was also rewarded politically for paying lip service to the EU. EU representatives went so far as to term Moldova the “success story”, “poster child” and “front-runner” of the Eastern Partnership.
  •  For years Moldova’s elite successfully misused these terms for the purpose of legitimising their misdeeds for the domestic audience.

The EU’s political capital in Moldova was further used up after the parliamentary elections 30 November 2014. The so-called pro-European coalition won the elections amid serious allegations about electoral violations. In its desire to maintain the status quo, the EU statement brushed off the electoral problems and invited the pro-European parties to undertake “the swift formation of an inclusive and accountable government.”

Through its support for so-called pro-European coalition partners and silence about the abuses of the elite that unofficially rule Moldova’s coalition, in effect the EU became a handmaiden to the diminishing support for Moldova’s European integration.

With the ratification process of the Association Agreement coming to an end and in view of the dismal state of Moldovan politics, the new EU leadership felt compelled, finally, to change its policy towards Moldova. The Council conclusions of 15 February 2016 are representative of this recent shift. The EU foreign ministers now clearly and publically demand from the government that they

“prioritise reforms aimed at addressing the politicisation of state institutions, systemic corruption, public administration reform aimed inter alia at enhancing the effectiveness of regulatory bodies, transparency and accountability in the management of public finances as well as with regard to policy making.”

Conclusion

Since 2009 the EU supported the rule of the Alliance for European Integration, which was led by corrupt oligarchs who proclaimed themselves to be pro-European. It should have come as no surprise that Moldovans associated the EU with their home-grown crooked politicians and that as a result support for European integration has declined dramatically in recent years.

The recent shift in the EU’s approach towards Moldova’s so-called pro-European government might be too little, too late. Moldovans are voicing their dissatisfaction with the government through mass protests on the streets of Chisinau.

It might be high time for the EU to consider letting the so-called pro-European coalition fall in the near term, for the sake of safeguarding Moldova’s European agenda in the long term. Ratifying and moving ahead with the implementation of the Association Agreement and the DCFTA in no way gives the Moldovan government, or that of any other country, a licence to abuse its powers, and should not be supported by t he EU.

http://globalbusinessoutlook.com

GEOMETR.IT

* * *

Чи потрібний Донбас Україні?

В Тирасполе говорят: «Здаёться мине, что у нас горит сажа»

Как святитель Лука чуть не отказался от церковного служения

The systematic looting of Moldova. By whom ?

Позорное начало чемпионата. Англия-Россия:1-1. ЧЕ.11.06.2016

Media lynching a la Plahotniuc

Почему Англия и УЕФА наехали на Россию.Англия-Россия: 1-1.ЧЕ. 11.06.2016

Plahotniuc is on duty today

Сорос о забавах доллара и цельнотянутых конкурентах

The systematic looting of Moldova. By whom ?

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 53 views / 5 comments

GEOMETR.IT  livenewscentral.com

*Moldova. Who has money, has power. Is pro-European government really pro-European? Involved much of the country’s political elite has been the former prime minister, Vlad Filat, a bitter rival of Mr. Plahotniuc.

The systematic looting of Moldova’s leading banks, which came to light last year, caused an uproar across the political spectrum. So far, however, the only political figure jailed in connection with a theft that seems to have involved much of the country’s political elite has been the former prime minister, Vlad Filat, a bitter rival of Mr. Plahotniuc.

Like many powerful figures in the former Soviet Union, Mr. Plahotniuc has drawn a tight veil over the sources of his wealth and power, cultivating an aura of mystery that has only enhanced his image as a shadowy kingmaker who can destroy foes with a flick of his finger.

He holds no official post in government. His only formal position is with the Moldovan Democratic Party; he is its deputy chairman. The party is part of a coalition government formed in January, the latest in a string of fragile and nominally pro-Western coalitions that have governed since 2009.

  • Also unclear are Mr. Plahotniuc’s ultimate loyalties and even his nationality. His opponents say he has passports from Russia, Moldova and Romania, where he lived for a time under a different identity. His party did not respond to questions about this citizenship and any previous identities.
  • Plahotniuc’s finances are equally murky. He has been accused by his foes over the years of multiple crimes, including human trafficking, but not formally charged. His business interests these days are more conventional and include a luxury hotel, a high-end nightclub and several television channels.
  • But it is unclear how these generate the rivers of cash that he is believed to control. He rarely speaks in public and declined to be interviewed for this article.

Continue reading the main story

When he does talk publicly, usually to media outlets he controls, he dismisses accusations against him as politically motivated “lies and manipulation.”

“He doesn’t just control the country, he owns it,” said Rinato Usatii, a populist politician who has built much of his own growing popularity on anger at Mr. Plahotniuc.

Photo

DFS

Moldovans took to the streets of Chisinau in a political protest in January.

When protesters took to the streets last year and again early this year, the authorities did not intervene until a group of left-wing activists set up a protest encampment on the sidewalk outside Mr. Plahotniuc’s residence in the center of Chisinau. Police officers and the oligarch’s private security force quickly moved in to disband the protest.

The leader of that protest action, Grigore Petrenco, was later arrested and charged with causing a mass disturbance. Held for seven months — during which the United States State Department classified him as a “political prisoner” — he was released in February this year and placed under house arrest. He is now awaiting trial along with several other protesters.

  • Plahotniuc, Mr. Petrenco said, “doesn’t have a single state position but has all the levers of the state in his hands.” But perhaps his biggest asset, Mr. Petrenco added, is the geopolitical struggle between Moscow and Washington that has allowed him to masquerade as a friend of the West who “will provide stability and make sure Russian tanks don’t roll in.”
  • Pavel Filip, Moldova’s prime minister and a member of Mr. Plahotniuc’s party, acknowledged that the businessman “did not take care of his image” and said he should do more to address all the accusations against him.

“It is a myth that a single person controls this country,” he said, adding that his new government would prove its pro-Western credentials by taking “real action” to reform a ramshackle justice system and other branches of the state gnawed by corruption.

  • For many Moldovans, however, the photograph of the meeting with Ms. Nuland only confirmed Mr. Plahotniuc’s power.

After the meeting, television and other media outlets controlled by Mr. Plahotniuc quickly flooded Moldova with reports of how the United States was backing the oligarch as an anchor of stability and guarantor of Moldova’s tilt toward the West. Pro-Russian news media also jumped in, presenting the meeting as a proof that Washington does not care about ordinary people’s welfare, only geopolitical games and the interests of a deeply corrupt elite.

Iurie Leanca, a former prime minister who while in office in 2014 signed a trade and political deal with the European Union that infuriated Moscow, complained that Mr. Plahotniuc had used the Washington visit to try to launder his reputation. Yet, he said, Ms. Nuland was right to meet with him.

“They talk with the people with real power all over the world,” he said. “And he is the person with the real power in this country.”

http://www.livenewscentral.com

GEOMETR.IT

* * *

3.Ответственность элит Германии в войне против СССР

Самые успешные и стабильные страны Европы — это Федерация!

Мутный взгляд опаздывающего Запада. Россия…

Plahotniuc is blasses with money

Франция и дежа-вю.Борьба за права или за власть?

Nobody considers Plahotniuc pro-European-2

Гибели румынских спасателей.Солдат Швейк.Рука Москвы

Moldova: A mouse, roaring a trust-2

Media lynching a la Plahotniuc

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 92 views / 4 comments

GEOMETR.IT  jurnal.md

*  Vlad Plahotniuc: Moldova’s man in the shadows. People who have had dealings with Plahotniuc prefer not to talk about him, even under conditions of anonymity.

The Platform Dignity and Truth is supposed to unprecedented media lynching from Plahotniuc’s media holding. The affiliated media publishes manipulative information that violates the honor and dignity of the party leaders, members and sympathizers, is shown in a declaration launched by the Platform Dignity and Truth representatives.

321

“In recent times, after the listing of the Platform Dignity and Truth in the opinion polls as leader among the parties of democratic orientation, it is supposed to unprecedented lynching of the propaganda holding of the oligarch Plahotniuc, financed from the billions stolen from the citizens.

The method invented by this machinery is, through a so-called website, to produce and take all kinds of false, invented, manipulative and offending information that violates the honor and the dignity of the party leaders and of all its members and sympathizers and spread through those 10 broadcasters with national coverage of the so-called executive coordinator of the mafia from the Republic of Moldova, who has captured the whole state”, is noted in the declaration.

“The behavior of the ones who have launched this so-called website is suburban, indecent and does not represent the actions of a mass-media means. They appear at the PDA press conferences with the purpose to confuse and overturn the communication with the free press, the informing of the national and international public opinion about the effects of the theft of the billions, the seizure of the rule of law, the unprecedented exodus of the people, the social genocide to which are supposed the citizens of the country, the strangulation of the democratic press and opposition, the files’ fabrication, the arrest of the political detainees and their obligation to perjury and other crimes of the dictatorial regime”, say the Platform members.

According to the Platform DA representatives, on June 12, in Cimişlia, where the Platform Dignity and Truth had an action of political character, took place a similar case:

  • “Although he was not aggressed by any of the Platform leaders, a journalist acted a show, performing somersaults and other tricks, pretending that he is kicked, all this happening in front of cameras that demonstrate the contrary.
  • In fact, he was the one who provoked and aggressed the participants to the meeting, the target being the Platform Dignity and Truth leader.
  • Not being touched by anybody, the individual who has nothing in common with press and with the activity of journalist, like in a veritable show, was throwing himself on the ground, was shouting and was preparing his film for being broadcast by the oligarchic holding”.

In these conditions, the Platform DA representatives appeal to the legal institutions: “We address to the state institutions that activate in the legal area to take action against the permanent harassment of the Platform Dignity and Truth leadership, to provide the proper conduct of the party actions and the participants’ security at the protests”.

“But we do not accept the constant harassment and denigration committed by Plahotniuc’s propagandists and on this way we ask the media organizations to intervene and take actions against this unprecedented lynching in the Republic of Moldova history. We appeal to the opinion makers, political commentators, experts, opinion journalists to abstain from the collaboration with the media insinuations of the oligarch Plahotniuc. Today, we are the target. Tomorrow, for sure can become anyone”, points the party members.

http://www.jurnal.md

GEOMETR.IT

* * *

3.Ответственность элит Германии в войне против СССР

Самые успешные и стабильные страны Европы — это Федерация!

Мутный взгляд опаздывающего Запада. Россия…

Plahotniuc is blasses with money

Франция и дежа-вю.Борьба за права или за власть?

Nobody considers Plahotniuc pro-European-2

Гибели румынских спасателей.Солдат Швейк.Рука Москвы

Moldova: A mouse, roaring a trust-2

Plahotniuc is on duty today

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · Russia · USA · World 96 views / 4 comments

GEOMETR.IT   ucl.ac.uk

* In situations where an authoritarian leader is present, dance students learn quickly that their role in the dance class is to abide by the teacher’s rule.

A recent and ongoing move towards authoritarianism in Moldova is a case of authoritarian learning, argues Stephen Hall, PhD student at UCL SSEES. The diminishing of political alternatives to the Democratic Party of Moldova has increased the power of Oligarch Vlad Plahotniuc and could lead to a stand-off with the EU in the future.

12D

Authoritarian learning involves regimes engaging in dialogue with one another, copying each other, or ideas diffusing from one polity to another. The phenomenon remains understudied, and opening up the black box of an authoritarian regime to peer inside and locate these processes, remains the researcher’s hardest task.

Regimes always adapt to changing circumstances.

  • Moldova has often been the forgotten European state sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine. It is most often mentioned, if at all, as the poorest European state.
  • It is riven by a frozen, unresolved conflict in its east, after the the Transnistrian region fought a brief war to secede from Moldova upon Moldovan independence from the Soviet Union.
  • Moldova’s politics has often been polarised with some wanting stability, a strong state and a closer relationship with Russia, whereas others want a warmer affiliation with the EU.
  • Moldova, importantly, is not Belarus—its level of authoritarianism is marginal so far. Still, what has occurred there this year is similar to playbooks used by other regimes, across the post-Soviet region, in consolidating authoritarianism.

The Grey Oligarch Puppet Master

In February 2015, a series of protests began, largely missed internationally. They are ongoing today. Essentially, they attack the corruption that has engulfed the current governing pro-European coalition. These protests have been skilfully manipulated, allowing a puppet master (păpușar) to gain control.

Having been overruled by the President for the position of Prime Minister on grounds of integrity, oligarch Vlad Plahotniuc has set about controlling the state from the shadows. Researcher Kamil Całus, among others, has begun to warn of the route that

Moldova is taking. Plahotniuc has distanced himself from a corruption scandal and the disappearance of $1 billion (£646 million) from three Moldovan banks. Other politicians have been consumed, by contrast. One casualty was the former Prime Minister, Valeriu Streleţ. He was replaced by Pavel Filip a cadre of the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM), financed by Plahotniuc. President Nicolae Timofti attempted to stop Filip’s ascendency, but backed down when pressured. After all Presidential powers are limited.

  • Another casualty was Vlad Filat. He is an oligarch and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PDLM) a member of the current Alliance for European Integration coalition and apparent ally of the PDM.
  • He was arrested for alleged links to the corruption scandal. Whether those links are there remains to be seen, but his arrest leaves the PDLM without a leader, allowing Plahotniuc to increase control of the pro-European coalition.
  • There are allegations that many politicians in the PDLM and the Communists are already in the pocket of Plahotniuc meaning that he controls a majority in parliament. New legislation means that the next President will be popularly elected.

Całus has suggested that Plahotniuc has a paid for cross-party majority in parliament and in the judiciary. The new legislation could allow Plahotniuc to choose a favoured Presidential candidate. It also conveniently divides the protest movement. The demonstrators were split between pro-Russian and pro-European camps and have been further harmed by the emergence of competing candidates in each faction.

The two pro-European candidates, in turn, do meet the age requirement and can legally run. Maia Sandu has no ties to oligarchs and wide societal support. Andrei Năstase, however, has oligarch links, which affects his support, but provides financial backing. Neither candidate wants to leave the race for the other. The result is that this bloc’s prospects are hampered.

Opposition groups which emerged from the protest movement have played into Plahotniuc’s hands. A divided opposition at the election will take votes from each other. Having taken control of parliament and the judiciary coupled with his media resources, Plahotniuc can then beat any candidate in a second round.

Bad News for the EU?

So what does this mean for the EU? Moldova is not likely to become a Member state, but it did sign an association agreement with the EU in 2014. In response to the developments in Moldova since then, the EU has reduced budgetary support in the hope to force change. However, overcoming weak institutions was always going to be a challenge.

There was the likelihood that Moldovans would tire of being in the faux EU Membership that is the association agreement. Yet, increasingly Moldovan politicians are talking about state sovereignty rather than European values. This tends to be rhetoric used by aspiring authoritarians.

The puppet master has been learning

With a controlled Parliament already and a presidency up for grabs, Plahotniuc has started manoeuvring. President Timofti seems less than enthusiastic to remain. The opposition have been split. The Presidential elections will be interesting to gauge. The puppet master has been learning. It is easier to control the political system from the shadows. After all doing it publicly leads to unwelcome focus.

Stephen Hall is a PhD student at the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies.

http://www.ucl.ac.uk

GEOMETR.IT

* * *

3.Ответственность элит Германии в войне против СССР

Самые успешные и стабильные страны Европы — это Федерация!

Мутный взгляд опаздывающего Запада. Россия…

Plahotniuc is blasses with money

Франция и дежа-вю.Борьба за права или за власть?

Nobody considers Plahotniuc pro-European-2

Гибели румынских спасателей.Солдат Швейк.Рука Москвы

Moldova: A mouse, roaring a trust-2

Plahotniuc is blasses with money

in Conflicts · Crisis · Danube · Economics · EN · Europe · Euroskepticism · EX-USSR · Moldova · Money · Nation · Person · Politics · Power · USA · World 112 views / 4 comments
Rosenkranz und Gueldenstern / Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead GB/ 1990 Regie: Tom Stoppard Darsteller: Gary Oldman Rollen: Rosenkranz Rosenkranz ( Gary Oldman ) soll als Kurier des Koenigs eine Schiffsreise antreten. Dabei weiss er nicht, dass er sein eigenes Todesurteil ueberbringt.

GEOMETR.IT  osw.waw.pl

At the beginning of May the US hosted a delegation of Moldovan politicians, including Vlad Plahotniuc, the most influential man in Moldova, who has de facto control of the government and parliament; and Octavian Calmîc, the deputy prime minister and minister of the economy. Plahotniuc was met (among others) by Victoria Nuland, the Assistant Secretary of State responsible for Eastern Europe, and Menno Snel, executive director of the IMF. According to an official communiqué on the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM)’s web page, Nuland openly supported the policy of the Moldovan government, which is controlled by Plahotniuc. She stated: “Continue at the current pace, and we will support you.”

Commentary

These high-level meetings took place even though Plahotniuc does not formally hold a significant political post (he is currently vice-president of the PDM). The oligarch’s reception by high-ranking US officials means that Washington has decided to support Moldova’s stability and the maintenance of its (at least nominal) pro-European course – at the expense of real reforms, in whose implementation that country’s current government is not interested. If Plahotniuc’s government fell, this would result in early elections being called, which would likely lead to the victory of pro-Russian forces. From the US’s point of view, support for Plahotniuc is probably tactical in nature, and can be withdrawn if any effective pro-European opposition arises in Moldova with a serious chance of taking power. Washington may fear that isolating Plahotniuc could incline him towards closer cooperation with Moscow.

Plahotniuc’s visit to the US and his meeting with Victoria Nuland provoked disappointment and criticism from representatives of Moldova’s civil society and opposition parties. The high-level meetings were seen as the West legitimising a discredited oligarch (opposition to Plahotniuc in opinion polls is currently standing at 95%), who has taken over the state apparatus and a large part of the economy. The American gesture has weakened the pro-European opposition in Moldova, which was already pretty ineffective; it has also fuelled the propaganda of the pro-Russian forces, which have used it to present the West as a cynical game-player fighting to retain its geopolitical influence in Moldova, rather than for the real democratisation and modernisation of the country.

The visit was very important for Plahotniuc who, although he is effectively running Moldova, has no legitimacy to do so. In the media he controls, he was presented as the leader of the Moldovan delegation, and as the effective, principal interlocutor, who has also brought about intensified dialogue with the IMF. As a result, Plahotniuc was presented not only as the most important Moldovan leader, but also as a competent specialist who can readily discuss all the topics related to the functioning of the state. In Plahotniuc’s intentions, his visit to the US should contribute to the improvement of his image and enhance support for his government, which is especially important in the context of the presidential elections planned for 30 October.

http://www.osw.waw.pl/en/

GEOMETR.IT

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Плахотнюк показывает цирк — а нужен труд и постоянство

Moldova: A mouse, roaring a truth 1

Baltics.Куда пойти, кому отдаться? Порты

Welcome to Plahotniuc’s Moneyland

  1. Ответственность элит Германии в войне против СССР

Dodon . Alone against the regime

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